This paper analyses the pesticide use pattern in agriculture and associated management system in Kerala. The recent declining rate in total consumption of pesticides is not a sign of relief as the use of harmful chemicals is rising. The pesticides used in agriculture include chemicals, which are banned and those suggested for restricted use only. The spray fluid concentration and handling pattern are unscientific. The awareness level is very low, which can be attributed to poor training support. The data management and monitoring system is not efficient. The present level of investment in chemical pest control is higher than the optimum and is not economically justified.