Transport is a fast growing source of carbon dioxide emissions (CO2) the world over. No approach to carbon emission mitigation can be comprehensive without addressing the transport sector. India has adopted a National Plan of Action on Climate Change as a positive step towards mitigating carbon emission levels. Improving energy efficiency and adopting clean coal technology would be a central theme in the low carbon strategy. However, an equal measure of attention is required in planning reduction in carbon intensity in the transport sector, which poses its own challenges and offers unique opportunities for a departure from the