The impacts of climate drivers on mobility are therefore highly context-specific and often intersect with other economic, political, social, cultural, and demographic factors. Also, climate change impacts exacerbate pre-existing socio-economic vulnerabilities and everyday risks.

The climate is how the atmosphere behaves over a long period of time (typically defined as at least a 30-year period). Descriptions of the climate inform us about the average weather, as well as other aspects of weather patterns and distribution of meteorological parameters – including anomalous, rare and extreme events.

Cooling has had a significant impact on global climate change. It is important to respond promptly and effectively to the climate challenges posed by the growing global demand for air-conditioning and refrigeration to achieve the Paris Agreement objectives and the mid-century carbon-neutral goals.

The World Benchmarking Alliance (WBA) and CDP, has assessed 50 influential companies across the building sector. The first Buildings Benchmark, published , finds that most property developers, managers, and construction companies don’t have both emissions targets and climate transition plans in place.

This technical note discusses methods for using these data in combination with locally meaningful jurisdictional boundaries to calculate local measurements of indicators on several themes—including access to urban amenities, air quality, biodiversity, flooding, climate change mitigation, heat, and land protection and restoration—relevant to urba