Healthy and resilient ecosystems are recognized in various international bodies and agendas, including the Paris Agreement, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification.

This report explores green bonds and other finance instruments for climate-resilient infrastructure and investment opportunities that can support the Philippines in achieving a low carbon economy.

This working paper examines case studies of three communities in Bhutan, Ethiopia, and Costa Rica that are already experiencing severe impacts of climate change. These case studies explore the incremental and transformative adaptation measures they have adopted or will need to in the future.

This paper is based on analytical work previously conducted by NewClimate Institute, Öko-Institut, Mitsubishi UFJ Research and Consulting Co., Ltd., and IGES.

The Addressing forestry and agroforestry in National Adaptation Plans: Supplementary guidelines provide specific guidance for national adaptation planning in the forestry sector.

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