Ports and waterways around the world are experiencing air and water temperature increases, rising sea levels, and changes in seasonal precipitation, wind and wave conditions. Many are also seeing more frequent and severe extreme events such as storms, heatwaves and droughts.

Green Growth Index is a composite index measuring a country’s performance in achieving sustainability targets including Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), Paris Climate Agreement, and Aichi Biodiversity Targets for four green growth dimensions – efficient and sustainable resource use, natural capital protection, green economic opportunities,

Technology adoption has been proven to be an efficient way to improve agricultural productivity as well as farmers’ income across the semi-arid regions of the globe. However, an upcoming method to improve food and livelihood security is through sustainable technology intensification.

The 16th edition of the World Economic Forum’s Global Risks Report analyses the risks from societal fractures—manifested through persistent and emerging risks to human health, rising unemployment, widening digital divides, youth disillusionment, and geopolitical fragmentation.

This paper provides an overview of policy areas in which adaptation-mitigation linkages can be fostered, and discusses potential trade-offs to be considered among adaptation and mitigation measures, but also across other environmental policy objectives.

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