Long-term planning for climate and development requires tailored governance and institutional arrangements. Most countries have some experience with climate-change planning over near- and medium-term horizons through efforts such as nationally determined contributions (NDCs) and low-emissions development strategies (LEDS).

The Maldives’ National Action Plan on Air Pollutants is an integrated appraoch to reducing both air pollution and climate forcers.

The last year has seen growing public concern and the formation of global movements pushing governments for serious action in the face of rising emissions and escalating climate impacts.

A new report examines how public and private entities, including those in developing nations, are mitigating the financial impacts of extreme weather events and supporting climate change adaptation by transferring risk to private insurance and capital markets.

The EEA assessment ‘Adaptation challenges and opportunities for the European energy system’ analyses the needs for climate change adaptation and climate resilience in Europe’s energy system now and in the future.

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