The year 2018 was full of declarations. In the country, some major policies and programmes were launched to tackle issues ranging from air pollution to plastic pollution.

The World Bank Group launched its Action Plan on Climate Change Adaptation and Resilience. Under the plan, the World Bank Group will ramp up direct adaptation climate finance to reach $50 billion over FY21–25. This financing level—an average of $10 billion a year—is more than double what was achieved during FY15-18.

Aware that the growing deployment of renewables has set in motion a global energy transformation with significant implications for geopolitics, Adnan Z.

Scaling up the use of renewable electricity is critical for achieving climate goals, but currently only a quarter of the power mix is sourced from renewables.

A shift away from using fossil fuels is a key enabler for the low-carbon transition necessary to achieve climate goals, but delivering this transformation has widespread repercussions across local communities. A just transition – one that captures a social, environmental and economic approach – is crucial.