The case for early implementation of stricter fuel quality and vehicle emission standards in India

The 2013 Auto Fuel Policy Committee is charged with establishing a roadmap for vehicle emission and fuel quality standards in India through 2025. While there is a general consensus that India eventually needs to move to 10 ppm sulfur fuels and Bharat Stage (BS) VI emission standards, there is still an ongoing discussion regarding the timeline of
implementation of those stricter standards. This briefing paper summarizes the public health and economic benefits of early implementation of stricter standards over 30 years. Economic benefits are compared to the costs of implementing stricter standards earlier.