This report “China Nationally Determined Contribution and Domestic 14th Power Five-Year-Plan” shows that power industry plans to build new coal-fired power plants after 2020 contradict China’s 2060 carbon neutrality target. The report calls for China to initiate a policy process to phase out coal-fired power plants. At the same time, the rate of wind and solar power expansions need to double over the next ten years to fulfil domestic targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Short- and medium-term plans to decarbonise the power sector before 2050 are essential to achieve China’s much-lauded objective for carbon neutrality by 2060.