Mapping Indian agricultural emissions: lessons for food system transformation and policy support for climate-smart agriculture

This paper is an attempt to provide a guide for database creation and the development of a district-level database on emissions from agriculture in India. In this study, all the Indian districts are categorized based on their level of GHG emissions from agriculture and its subsectors, which are denoted by the Emission Index (EI) and Emission Values (EVs), respectively. Districts having “extremely alarming” EIs and EVs should be considered a priority in mitigation initiatives and in the five-year mitigation plan. The study shows that the livestock subsector plays a major role in Indian agricultural emissions scenarios, and increasing the productivity of the agricultural sector remains the best mitigation option for reducing the emission of GHGs from agriculture. The paper also proposes a food system transformation pathway from climate vulnerable to climate-smart agriculture (CSA) and a mitigation strategy with technical, institutional, and policy interventions.