Power sector planning in Arab countries: incorporating variable renewables

Many Arab countries, despite currently low to negligible renewable energy use, have set ambitious targets to increase their shares of renewables. Yet power-system planning is frequently constrained by cost implications and the lack of first-hand experience with renewables. Solar and wind power, particularly, present challenges for existing power systems due to resource variability. This report builds on input from a regional planning workshop held by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), the League of Arab States and the Regional Center for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (RCREEE), with additional support from the Islamic Development Bank (IsDB).