Providing clean cooking fuel in India: challenges and solutions

India has the largest concentration of population using biomass with inefficient stoves. About 840 million in India fully or partially rely on traditional biomass for cooking. In India, cooking is mainly carried out by women, and they play an important role in managing domestic energy needs. When modern fuels such as LPG are unavailable, women and children not only face health hazards due to smoke but also “time poverty.” Freedom from smoke and the drudgery associated with biomass is the need of the hour to empower women and allow families to live purposeful lives. This report explores the issues and challenges of clean cooking in urban India through a case study of the Ghaziabad Municipal Corporation, Uttar Pradesh.