Report of the committee on pollution caused by leather tanning industry to the water bodies/ground water in Unnao district of Uttar Pradesh

The Ministry of Water Resources, Govt. of India constituted a committee under the Chairmanship of Director, NIH, Roorkee, to find the facts about the present state of Unnao’s water bodies / ground water, how much of Unnao’s ground water is affected so far and which particular tanning units are responsible for causing pollution to Unnao’s water bodies. Unnao is one of the major industrial towns adjacent to Kanpur having most of the leather, slaughter house, textile, steel and other industries. Unnao industrial area is situated near Kanpur in northern side of River Ganga having more than 50 industrial units mainly tannery. The effluents discharged by the industries, after passing through a Common Effluent Treatment Plant (CETP), is finally discharged in the River Ganga. Some industries also have their own Effluent Treatment Plants (ETP). The quality of ground water in the industrial area is under constant threat of contamination directly or indirectly. Remarkable high concentration of chromium in some parts of ground water of Unnao and Kanpur Districts is a common feature in the region.