Urban environments, wealth and health: shifting burdens and possible responses in low and middle-income nations

This paper examines urban health in low- and middle-income countries, in relation to two sets of environmental issues: persistent local environmental health burdens, and most notably the water, sanitation and housing deficiencies prevalent in the poor neighbourhoods of so many urban settlements; and emerging global environmental burdens that will be experienced in urban areas, and most notably those associated with climate change.