Use of alternative fuels in the cement sector in Ethiopia: opportunities, challenges and solutions
This market assessment reports on alternative fuels opportunities in the cement sector in Ethiopia. The assessment examined different experiences and possible options to utilize municipal, commercial and industrial waste, along with tires, sewage sludge and agricultural residue in cement kilns in key production clusters. Among the findings are that at least 25-30% of conventional fuels (primarily coal and natural gas) could be substituted with waste-derived alternatives, saving 10% of the fuel cost. The report includes possible approaches for removing barriers to allow for more private sector investment in this space and ways to coordinate the use of alternative fuels with integrated waste management solutions.