Wildlife legislation and the empowerment of the poor in Asia and Oceania

This FAO study analyses national legislation on wildlife management in 12 countries in Asia and Oceania. It identifies strengths and weaknesses of legal frameworks in promoting sustainable wildlife management and proposes options to support empowerment of the poor.

Authored by Elsa Tsioumani and Elisa Morgera, this study presents a comparative analysis of national wildlife legislation in Asia and Oceania, with the aim of identifying strengths and weaknesses of legal frameworks in the promotion of sustainable wildlife management and in allowing disadvantaged people, particularly indigenous and local communities, to directly benefit from it. The authors formulate recommendations and propose specific legal options to improve legal frameworks in the region, with a view to supporting environmental sustainability, socioeconomic development and the empowerment of the poor. Part II presents country studies on national legislation from twelve countries in Asia and Oceania, highlighting the main legal provisions affecting wildlife management and use by local communities and aiming at highlighting specific legal tools for pro-poor sustainable wildlife management.