To implement the Paris climate change agreement at the national level, countries will have to review existing governance frameworks and develop new rules and regulations. This may result in “top-down” legislation that does not reflect the concerns of particularly climate vulnerable groups and communities.

Foundation for International Environmental Law and Development (FIELD) has prepared a new guide to “Protecting the marine environment in areas beyond national jurisdiction”. It provides a guide to the legal framework for conservation and management of biodiversity in marine areas beyond national jurisdiction.

The US submission to the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) proposes an agreed outcome for the UN Copenhagen Climate Change Conference in the form of