There are over 0.3 million rhesus monkeys in Northern India. Approximately 48.5% of these are living in human habitation areas. The inordinate growth in populations of such monkeys in recent years has led to an unhealthy competition for space and food between man and monkey.

Jasrota Wildlife Sanctuary, with an area of 10.04 km2, is situated on the right bank of the Ujh river in district Kathua, J&K State. The mammals of Jasrota Wildlife Sanctuary represent 4.3% of the total mammals (372 species) recorded by Hossetti