Although China's agricultural reputation has been tarnished by widespread reports of food tainted with pesticides and other contaminants, the country is undergoing a rapid expansion in the production of and market for organic food. Spurred in part by growing demand for organic products from other nations, China now devotes more than 28% of its agricultural land to "eco-foods," which include organic foods as well as China's domestic "green" and "hazard-free" categories of food.

Industrialized aquaculture is the world's fastest-growing animal food production system and is regarded by some experts as an integral part of the long-term solution to growing global food demands.