India has led the developing world in addressing rural energy problems. By late 2012, the national electricity grid had reached 92 percent of India's rural villages, about 880 million people.

An evaluation of the Government of India's NPIC (National Programme of Improved Cookstoves) was undertaken in six states to learn lessons and assess impediments to future stoves programmes. The programmes were assessed on the basis of stove design, consumer satisfaction, capacity for quality control, and the role of subsidies in reaching a greater number of people.