This paper explicitly posits social and environmental justice as an integral part of transformation and transformative adaptation, and synthesizes the findings from case study research that was undertaken on adaptation in the context of informal settlements and urban development in Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam and Jakarta, Indonesia.

The focal topic of the WorldRiskReport 2011 is governance and civil society. The report examines the natural hazards related issues at the global level and draws conclusions for future actions in assistance, policy and reporting.