Judged by the sheer number of clean development mechanism (CDM) projects registered and in the pipeline, India undoubtedly can be seen as a success story as far as the functioning of the local carbon market is concerned.

In the Indian context, the utilisation of renewable energy resources for electricity generation is not new. Particularly the wind sector presents a success story where India is one of the global players. However, considering the technical and geographical potential of wind power, a vast amount of the resource still lies untapped.

This article aims to look at the determinative factors and conditions of private participation in the wind sector in the states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala which will be guided by the following approaches from political sciences and (relational) economic geography.