There is increasing recognition that women experience mobility differently from men. A growing body of literature documents the differences in men and women’s mobility patterns.

This paper examines the impacts of measures to reduce emissions from passenger transport; specifically, buses, cars and two-wheelers. These include the possibility of converting diesel buses to compressed natural gas (CNG), as the Indian Supreme Court required in Delhi, which would necessitate an increase in bus fares to cover the cost of pollution controls. It also considers raising the price of gasoline, which should affect the ownership and usage of cars and two-wheelers, as well as imposing a license fee on cars, to retard growth in car ownership.