Field trials were conducted on highly degraded sites on farmers' fields at Neemkheda field and Piparia hill in Jabalpur district of Madhya Pradesh to observe the performance of multipurpose tree species (MPTS) at 2m x 3m and 3m x 3m spacings under different agroforestry practices.

Elephants and human beings in Rajaji National Park in northern India are increasingly arriving into conflict because of the conversion of elephant's natural habitat into agricultural areas. Besides, railway track which passes through the park area, national highways, anthropogenic activities etc are restricting frequent movement of elephants within their home range.