It is well understood that the evolution of the Earth with its plurality of environmental elements is the resultant productmix of geological and biological processes coupled together. Any natural environment reflects an interactive dynamics
of mineralogy–biology–chemistry. Consequently, with temporal evolution, the milieu tends to change. Aquifers in the

The present work seeks to assess the spatial distribution and level of fluoride in the groundwater of different blocks of Bankura district, West Bengal. This is the first concerted attempt to highlight the vicious presence of fluoride in the sub-surface environment of Bankura and its gradual ingress in tube well water.

Fireworks display during festive celebrations can cause acute short term air pollution. Deepawali –the festival of light– is celebrated in India, every year during October or November with great fireworks display.