The latest trends in the paper industry are towards manufacturing by a neutral or alkaline process, greater consumption of secondary fibers and the closing up of the process water systems. Paper machine systems usually support significant growth of micro-organisms due to congenial and favorable conditions persisting during the manufacture of paper.

Acacia mangium is a fast growing and nitrogen-fixing tree with good annual wood yield. It is an excellent source of short fibre for papermaking.

Indian paper industry is clearly in step with the government objectives of industrial development, employment generation (primarily rural), increase in literacy and environment protection.

Illegal logging is having a devastating impact on some of the world's most valuable remaining forests. It has been well established that global paper consumption has increased by twenty times in the last century, and has more than tripled over the past 30 years.

In India, the paper industry has grown an average of 6 to 7 per cent over the last few years. India is the fastest growing market for paper globally and paper consumption is expected to follow the rate of the economic growth. The paper sector in India is dominated by small and medium size units. There is a growing need to modernize Indian mills, improve productivity and build new facilities.

Paper industry requires large amounts of energy in the form of heat. The energy requirement is met with captive and national grid power. Substantial portion of the energy requirement is met through the generation from the fossil fuels.The industry is also offering tremendous potential to save energy and such savings are CDM opportunities.

In order to reduce the bleaching cost and problem of organochlorine compound during bleaching of pulp, it has become necessary to reduce the use of chlorine dioxide in existing bleaching sequence without affecting the pulp quality. This study examines the effect of higher dosage of hydrogen peroxide in oxidative extraction (Eop) stage of four stage C/DEopD,D2 bleaching sequence.

This paper states the basic concept of Carbon Trading and methodologies. It describes the first step to start with and up to trading the carbon credits in the carbon market. It also reviews the present scenario of generating carbon credits through Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects and trading in the market.

With the growing demand of handmade paper both in the domestic and export markets, the Indian handmade paper industry has been confronting with the major issue of scarce availability and cost prohibitiveness of the cotton hosiery waste, the traditionally used principal raw material for making handmade paper.