Strengthening water security is essential for preventing and combatting future pandemics. Measures to supress the Covid-19 pandemic, including hand-washing, self isolating and lockdowns assume that societies, communities and households have sustainable access to acceptable amounts of adequate quality water.

Disaster risk management (DRM), including disaster risk reduction (DRR), has received increased attention in Pakistan since the 2005 earthquake and the 2010 floods. In particular, development actors have shown a growing interest in community-based disaster risk management (CBDRM).