Order of the Supreme Court of India in the matter of M. C. Mehta Vs Union of India & Others dated 21/07/2020 regarding biomedical waste management.

This revision-4 of guidelines issued to provide revised guidance on segregation of general solid waste and biomedical waste from quarantine centers/home-care/healthcare facilities treating COVID-19 patients and to recommend on disposal of PPEs.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of In re: Scientific Disposal of Bio-Medical Waste arising out of Covid-19 treatment- Compliance of BMW Rules 2016. The issue for consideration is the remedial action to address the gaps in compliance of the BMW Rules, 2016, as applicable to the disposal of bio-medical waste arising out of handling of COVID-19 disease.

Compliance report filed by the regional officer, Uttar Pradesh Pollution Control Board (UPPCB) dated 17/07/2020 before the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Ravi Sharma Vs State of Uttar Pradesh. The matter deals with the scientific disposal of biomedical waste by M/s Medical Pollution Control Committee (CBMWTF), Growth Central, Industrial Area, Bijoli, Jhansi was inspected by the UPPCB on June 3, 2020.

Additional Compliance Report dated 15/07/2020 on behalf of DPCC in compliance of the National Green Tribunal order of November 20, 2019 in the matter of Amrita Puri Residential Colony Residents' Welfare Association Vs SMS Water Grace (P) Ltd. & Others. M/s SMS Water Grace BMW (P) Ltd., operator of common bio-medical waste treatment facility (CBWTF), it was observed that PM, NO2, total polychlorinated di-benzo dioxins and furans are exceeding the prescribed standards.

Consolidated Status Report in the matter of O.A. NO. 72 of 2020 In re: Scientific Disposal of Bio-Medical Waste arising out of Covid-19 treatment - Compliance of BMWM Rules, 2016 before Hon’ble National Green Tribunal, Principle Bench, New Delhi.

As of early May 2020, there are more than 3.5 million infected cases and 247 thousand dead of COVID-19 in the world. The world has spared no effort to contain COVID 19 since its initial emergence from the epicenter since last December in 2019.

These guidelines are based on current knowledge on COVID-19 and existing practices in management of infectious waste generated in hospitals while treating viral and other contagious diseases like HIV, H1N1, etc. These guidelines will be updated if need arises.

Healthcare waste management is a serious issue in context of developing countries. Better assessment of both risks and effects of exposure would permit improvements in the management of healthcare waste. However, there is not yet clear understanding of risks, and as consequences, inadequate management practices are often implemented.

In order to deal with COVID-19 pandemic, State and Central Governments have initiated various steps, which include setting up of quarantine centers/camps, Isolation wards, sample collection centers and laboratories.

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