Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Satish Kumar Vs Union of India & Others dated 05/08/2019 regarding compliance of the judgment by Supreme directing shifting/closing of industrial activities falling under category ‘F’ of the Master Plan of Delhi, 2001.

History of the Case: 

The issue for consideration is compliance of the judgment by the Supreme Court in M.C. Mehta vs. Union of India & Ors: (2004) directing shifting/closing of industrial activities falling under category ‘F’ of the Master Plan of Delhi, 2001. Aggrieved by the inaction of the authorities on the subject, petitions were filed in the Delhi High Court alleging that unauthorized industrial activities which included handling of plastic and its illegal disposal by way of burning, etc. were continuing. The proceedings were transferred to the Tribunal. 

A total of 1.6 million Americans live next to the most polluting incinerators in the country, with lower-income and minority communities exposed to the vast majority of pollution coming from these waste-burning plants.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Sacred Heart Public School Chopra Education Society Vs Municipal Council & Others dated 07/05/2019 regarding remedial measures against illegal dumping and burning of garbage near a school by the Municipal Council, Kapurthala.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Shalini Katiyar Vs Govt. of NCT of Delhi dated 02/01/2019 regarding frequent garbage burning near the railway platform of Lodhi Colony Railway Station.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Residents of HL City, Bahadurgarh Vs State of Haryana dated 02/01/2019 regarding illegal use of solid waste dumping area to burn industrial waste, plastic, rubber and medical waste near Naya Gaon, Badli road, Bahadurgarh, Haryana.

Order of the Supreme Court of India in the matter of Research Foundation for Science Technology & Natural Resource Policy Vs Union of India & Others dated 30/08/2018 regarding incineration of 133 containers of waste oil from Nhava Sheva Port, Mumbai, Maharashtra.

Mismanagement of waste and wastewater is a key reason behind the continuing environmental pollution and degrading livelihoods across the developing countries of South Asia such as Sri Lanka.

Plastics have outgrown most man-made materials and have long been under environmental scrutiny. However, robust global information, particularly about their end-of-life fate, is lacking. By identifying and synthesizing dispersed data on production, use, and end-of-life management of polymer resins, synthetic fibers, and additives, we present the first global analysis of all mass-produced plastics ever manufactured. We estimate that 8300 million metric tons (Mt) as of virgin plastics have been produced to date.

Improving solid waste management is crucial for countering public health impacts of uncollected waste and environmental impacts of open dumping and burning.

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