The book comprises large number of articles based on years of in-depth research in the state by scholars who are affiliated to premier research institutes. It covers topics related to biogeography, lichens, Mushrooms, ferns, flowering plants, trees, orchids, alpine vegetation, NTFP, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, butterflies, insects, birds, pheasants, mammals, red panda, cold desert, agro-biodiversity, pollinators and aspects of forest conservation and management including green governance. This book will help to consolidate the growing scientific literature in the state and assist budding scientists to assess the present state of knowledge.