Efficient transportation planning and system integration for healthy environment of large cities

Urban transport is an important component of the urban infrastructure system. A good urban transport system will increase productivity, enhance efficiency, ensure competition,
and promote urban economy. It will also facilitate social
interactions, provide people with accessibility to opportunities,
safeguard environment, set directions and pattern of land use
development, and ensure quality of life. The impacts of a poor
urban transport are manifested in terms of congestion, delays,
pollution, accidents, high-energy consumption, low productivity of resources, community severance, and inadequate access to services. This paper deals with a holistic approach for efficient transportation planning and system integration for better and healthy environment of large cities.