Global Report on Internal Displacement 2016
The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) launched its annual publication on internal displacement, citing climate change and related natural hazards, such as drought, sea-level rise and desertification, as increasingly important factors causing internal displacement. The Global Report on Internal Displacement (GRID) is published annually by the NRC's Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC). The 2016 report shows that more than 19 million people were forced from their homes in 2015 by natural disasters, and that most of these displacements, 14.7 million, occurred due to weather-related hazards. GRID 2016 reports that displacement in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region has greatly increased since the ‘Arab Spring' uprisings in 2010 and the rise of the Islamic State. The region saw almost 4.8 million new displacements in 2015, significantly more than in all other regions of the world combined, with Yemen, Syria and Iraq accounting for over half of the global total. Outside the Middle East, the countries with the highest numbers of people fleeing were Ukraine, Nigeria, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Afghanistan, Colombia, the Central African Republic (CAR) and South Sudan.