This report is based on a survey of 1,400 people affected by conflict and displacement in eight countries, and more detailed surveys and needs assessment in a total of 14 countries. The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) research found that these communities have suffered widespread loss of income since the pandemic started.

The Covid-19 pandemic is exacerbating already existing protection needs and unveiling new ones. In eastern Ukraine, already exhausted by the ongoing conflict, the vulnerabilities are particularly high due to the high proportion of elderly population, damaged infrastructure and deteriorating healthcare and water supply systems.

Africa is home to nine of ten of the world’s most neglected crises. Cameroon, DR Congo and Burkina Faso are the most neglected displacement crises in the world, according to the Norwegian Refugee Council’s annual list launched on 09 June, 2020.

At a time when governments around the world are asking people to stay at home and limit their travel to contain the spread of Covid-19, armed conflict and violence are forcing hundreds of thousands to flee. Between 23 March and 15 May 2020, armed conflict in 19 countries has displaced at least 661,000 people.

The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) launched its annual publication on internal displacement, citing climate change and related natural hazards, such as drought, sea-level rise and desertification, as increasingly important factors causing internal displacement.

This report draws attention in countries that are particularly vulnerable to climate change. While producing the smallest amount of greenhouse gases, Africa is one of the continents most vulnerable to climate change, and with the greatest lack of adaptive capacity. Burundi and Somalia, which are the focus in the report, are considered among the ten most vulnerable countries in the world.