This book provides insights into the loss and damage (L&D) discourse by highlighting state-of-the-art research from multiple disciplines as well as policy contexts related to L&D. It articulates the multiple concepts, principles and methods relevant for L&D, including those that have only recently become available. This volume is aimed at informing research, policy, practice and the interested public. The book: discusses the political, legal, economic and institutional dimensions of L&D, introduces normative and ethical questions central to the discourse, highlights the role of climate risks and climate risk management, presents salient case studies from around the world, identifies practical and evidence-based policy and implementation options, and thus supports the science-policy dialogue and possible future directions of the L&D discourse, both under and outside the Paris Agreement.