Mobilising private investment in sustainable transport: the case of land-based passenger transport infrastructure
Governments have a key role to play in influencing private sector investment, by improving the enabling conditions for investment in sustainable transport infrastructure and delivering investment grade policies. This report aims to advise governments from developed and developing countries on a broad mix of policy tools and instruments that they can use at the national or sub-national levels, to scale-up private investment in sustainable transport infrastructure and shift investment away from carbon-intensive road transport. These include regulations, pricing instruments, innovative financial tools and risk-sharing mechanisms. The focus of this report is on land-based transport infrastructure for passenger use, including passenger rail, bus rapid transit systems, metros, non-motorised transportation and electric vehicle charging infrastructure.