Protected areas and human displacement: A conservation perspective

Decisions that affect how people use land are among the most fraught that any enlightened society has to grapple with. Two claims that typically come out on the short end of the land-use debate are the claims of indigenous people and claims for non-human species. Sometimes claims for indigenous people are generalized to include economically marginalized and politically disenfranchised people, and even to local rural people writ large. Claims for non-human species are sometimes extended to include those people who benefit (economically, intellectually, socially, or politically) from the establishment of parks and protected areas, locally and/or globally.