Modern healthcare system has negligible accessibility in the interior, remote and harsh areas of the northwestern Himalayas. People residing in these areas still depend upon traditional healthcare system.

Traditional agroforestry systems prevalent in Lahaul area was agri-silvicultural system. Generally five agroforestry systems were identified i.e. agri-horticultural, agri-silvicultural, agri-silvi-pastoral, pastoral-silviculture and pastoral-horticulture. Whereas in District Kinnaur most prevalent agro-forestry system was agri-horticultural. Four agroforestry models were identified i.e.