The Nature Conservancy’s white paper, “The Power of Rivers: Finding balance between energy and conservation in hydropower development,” addresses the global expansion of hydropower dams and the need to find development scenarios that provide energy, but also work for communities and nature.

The global number of dam constructions has increased dramatically over the past six decades and is forecast to continue to rise, particularly in less industrialized regions. Identifying development pathways that can deliver the benefits of new infrastructure while also maintaining healthy and productive river systems is a great challenge that requires understanding the multifaceted impacts of dams at a range of scales.