Information on fatalities in India as a result of lightning flashes has been extracted from a database on disastrous weather events of the India Meteorological Department (IMD). Records dating from 1979 to 2011 indicate that about 5259 persons have been killed by lightning strikes in India. The maximum number of lightning fatalities was observed in the states of Maharashtra (29%), West Bengal (12%) and Uttar Pradesh (9%).

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Water erosion caused by accelerated anthropogenic activities has been perceived as the major source of sediment flow in Himalayan catchments. Keeping this in view, the sediment flux data measured at the outlet
of the Sainj and the Tirthan watersheds in the Lesser Himalayan region was analysed.

This document contains the presentation by Omvir Singh, Anil Beniwal, Milap C. Sharma & et al on Variability and trends in temperature, precipitation and discharge in a lesser Himalayan watershed, presented at National Climate Research Conference, IIT Delhi, March 5-6, 2010.

Assessment of erosion status of watersheds is an essential prerequisite for Integrated Watershed Management (IWM). It not only assists in identifying the suitable soil and water conservation measures to arrest erosion and conserve water but also helps in devising best management practices (BMPs) to enhance biomass production in watersheds.