Project Tiger has been the first major conservation scheme in India. It has gone through phases of vex and vane. All eyes are set on the fate of charismatic tiger. Every possible effort is being made to save the tiger in spite of various odds. Ironically, demand for tiger parts and products outside India is causing a death blow to tigers in India. Decreasing number of tigers outside India is further accentuating pressure on tigers in India. The project tiger status report has been prepared for the first time to put facts and figures before all concerned.