A sustainable path to development has profound consequences for all economic activities and related policies. The mining industry, which provides input to almost every product and service in the world, is highly relevant to the goal of achieving sustainable development in mineral-rich countries and in the global economy.

A white paper on income prepared by Goa Livelihoods Forum, a non-profit organisation, has pointed out that while closure of mines in Goa has led to a drastic dip in savings of households involved in the industry, the state's high per capita income has restricted a large number of people from availing government welfare schemes.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Residents of Gram Panchayat Varahiya Vs State of Rajasthan dated 21/02/2019 regarding illegal marble mining at Saren Phala and Nichla Phala at Udaipur, Rajasthan. A report was sought from the Rajasthan State Pollution Control Board (RSPCB) and the District Magistrate, Udaipur, Rajasthan. The report shows mining waste was dumped near the bank of Som river by M/s Vineet Udhyog Limited, M/s Evergreen Marble & Granites and Sanjeev Modi.

Judgement of the Supreme Court of India in the matter of Common Cause Vs Union of India & Others dated 12/11/2018 regarding illegalities involved in the mining lease of Sarda Mines Private Limited, District Keonjhar, Orissa.

Guinea’s fast-growing bauxite mining industry is threatening the livelihoods of thousands of Guineans, Human Rights Watch said in a report. Mining has destroyed ancestral farmlands, damaged water sources and coated homes and trees in dust.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of National Green Tribunal Bar Association Vs. Dr. Sarvabhoum Bagali (State of Karnataka) dated 25/09/2018. This application seeks direction for an enquiry into the death of three teenaged girls on 04.07.2014 belonging to Gubbewad village, Indi Block, Bijapur District, Karnataka, who fell and drowned in an abandoned sand mining pit on Bhima River on the side of State of Maharashtra.

In the last decade, the international community has increasingly recognized the central role of sustainable consumption and production in the implementation of sustainable development. As a result, the mining sector, like other primary commodity sectors, has seen a wide variety of multistakeholder, market-based supply chain initiatives arise.

Judgement of the Supreme Court of India in the matter of M/s. Geomysore Services (I) Pvt. Ltd. & Others Vs M/s. Hutti Goldmines Co. Ltd. & Others dated 08/05/2018 regarding reservation of lands for government companies or corporations owned and controlled by the State Government under section 17A (2) of the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulations) Act, 1957. There are gold mines in the State of Karnataka and parties are litigating in respect of their rights to exploit those mines.

Order of the High Court of Punjab & Haryana at Chandigarh in the matter of M/s Satish Kumar Garg & Company Vs State of Haryana & Others dated 26/04/2018 regarding mining lease for an area measuring 79.32 hectares in Aravali area, Village Musnota, Tehsil Narnaul, District Mahendergarh for extraction of quartz, feldspar and barites, all major minerals.

Judgement of the Supreme Court of India in the matter of The Goa Foundation Vs M/s Sesa Sterlite Ltd. & Others dated 07/02/2018 regarding illegal mining in the State of Goa. Apex Court noted that the State of Goa was obliged to grant fresh mining leases in accordance with law and not second renewals to the mining lease holders.

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