Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Threat to life arising out of coal mining in South Garo Hills district Vs State of Meghalaya & Others dated 17/01/2020 regarding unscientific rat hole mining in the state of Meghalaya - for preventive and remedial action. The committee appointed for the purpose submitted its 6th Interim Report dated December 3, 2019.

Order of the Supreme Court of India in the matter of Common Cause Vs Union of India & Others dated 08/1/2020 regarding effect of mining on vegetation.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Goa Paryavaran Savrakshan Sangharsh Samitee Vs The Deputy Collector/SDM, Pernem & Others dated 15/10/2019 regarding illegal mining and failure on the part of the mining agency and the state of Goa in closing the mined out areas scientifically.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Nanga Ram Dangi Vs Secretary, Department of Environment & Forests & Others dated 26/08/2019 regarding illegal mining activities surrounding Jaisamand Lake and its catchment area.

Background and Timeline:

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Goa Paryavaran Savrakshan Sangharsh Samitee Vs The Deputy Collector/SDM, Pernem & Others dated 03/04/2019 regarding illegal mining and failure to close mines after the operation in the Taluka of Pernem and other Talukas of the State of Goa. It has been alleged that the miners have made several pits with a view to excavate basalt/masonary and rubble stones. After the extraction, the excavated area is left without scientific closure which is necessary for restoration of environment.

Open-pit mine is still an unavoidable activity but can become unsustainable without the restoration of degraded sites. Monitoring the restoration after extractive activities is a legal requirement for mine companies and public administrations in many countries, involving financial provisions for environmental liabilities.

Order of the Supreme Court of India in the matter of Common Cause Vs Union of India & Others dated 16/01/2019 regarding deleterious effect of mining on vegetation of the area. Mining results in a complete elimination of grass in the area which results in denial of fodder to herbivores.

Order of the Supreme Court of India in the matter of Neelambar Baba & Others Vs Union of India & Others dated 27/03/2018 regarding stoppage of illegal stone mining, crushing and blasting activities in illegal manner and for the preservation and protection of the Braj region, forests, hills and its wildlife in the above said region and also to restore the Braj region for its cultural and historical importance as an eco-tourism destination.

Judgement of the National Green Tribunal (Southern Zone, Chennai) in the matter of Joy Kaitharnath Vs Kerala Minerals and Metals Ltd. dated 31/08/2017 regarding discharge of effluents by Kerala Minerals and Metals Limited (KMML) into the waterbodies of Chavara, Kollam District. The Applicant (Joy Kaitharnath, General Secretary, State Human Rights Protection Centre) has requested the Government of Kerala to constitute an Expert Team to assess the status and trend of radioactivity and its impact on health and environment in Chavara black sand area.

An Act to reform the law on regulation and management of mining activities in the country for long term development of mining sector, building global value chain, ensuring broad-based ownership, achieving economy of scale of mines, enhancing transparency and accountability, and ensure environment-friendly and socially responsible mining.

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