Judgement of the National Green Tribunal (Southern Zone, Chennai) in the matter of Joy Kaitharnath Vs Kerala Minerals and Metals Ltd. dated 31/08/2017 regarding discharge of effluents by Kerala Minerals and Metals Limited (KMML) into the waterbodies of Chavara, Kollam District. The Applicant (Joy Kaitharnath, General Secretary, State Human Rights Protection Centre) has requested the Government of Kerala to constitute an Expert Team to assess the status and trend of radioactivity and its impact on health and environment in Chavara black sand area.

An Act to reform the law on regulation and management of mining activities in the country for long term development of mining sector, building global value chain, ensuring broad-based ownership, achieving economy of scale of mines, enhancing transparency and accountability, and ensure environment-friendly and socially responsible mining.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Shantanu Sharma Vs Union of India & Others dated 24/08/2016 regarding the use of fly ash as land fill to reclaim low lying areas including backfilling in abandoned mines or pitheads.

Christmas Island has been mined for rock phosphate for over 100 years, and as mining will finish in the next few decades there is a need to develop alternative economies on the island, such as high value crop production. However, to conserve the unique flora and fauna on the island, only land previously mined will be considered for this purpose. As these soils have been severely perturbed by mining, strategies to improve soil quality parameters need to be undertaken before plant based industries can be considered.

Recolonisation of soil by macrofauna (especially ants, termites and earthworms) in rehabilitated open-cut mine sites is inevitable and, in terms of habitat restoration and function, typically of great value. In these highly disturbed landscapes, soil invertebrates play a major role in soil development (macropore configuration, nutrient cycling, bioturbation, etc.) and can influence hydrological processes such as infiltration, seepage, runoff generation and soil erosion.

From 2010-2013, integrated health and environmental responses addressed an unprecedented epidemic lead poisoning in Zamfara State, northern Nigeria. Artisanal gold mining caused widespread contamination resulting in the deaths of more than 400 children. Socio-economic, logistic, and security challenges required remediation and medical protocols within the context of local resources, labor practices, and cultural traditions.

Original Source

The Ministry of Mines has prepared the base paper for National Mineral Exploration Policy (Non-Fuel and Non-Coal Minerals) for enabling auction of the mineral concessions as provided under the MMDR Amendment Act, 2015.

Surface coal mining in the eastern USA disturbs hundreds of hectares of land every year and removes valuable and ecologically diverse eastern deciduous forests. Reclamation involves restoring the landscape to approximate original contour, replacing the topsoil, and revegetating the site with trees and herbaceous species to a designated post-mining land use. Re-establishing an ecosystem of ecological and economic value as well as restoring soil quality on disturbed sites are the goals of land reclamation, and microbial properties of mine soils can be indicators of restoration success.

Order of the National Green Tribunal (Central Zonal Bench, Bhopal) in the matter of Radharani Vajpayee vs State of Madhya Pradesh & Ors. dated 09/09/2015 regarding illegal mining and stone crushing units, Dewas, Madhya Pradesh.

The Counsel for the State Government produced before NGT documents from the Divisional Forest Officer, Dewas wherein vide letter dtd. 14.08.2015 "he has informed the District Collector about the restoration plan for which this Tribunal had ordered after having stopped the illegal mining and stone crushing units operating therein".

Judgement of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Pudiparthi Mallikharjuna Reddy Vs Union of India & Others dated 07/09/2015 regarding silica mining activity without obtaining prior Environmental Clearance (EC) in Telangana and Nellore District, Andhra Pradesh.

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