This climate education booklet is aimed at explaining the basic concepts of climate change, and the politics around the climate change debate and action. It examines the issues faced by us in the semi-arid regions of this country, and looks at the options before us. This booklet is a part of Eco-regional notes brought out by INECC.

This new report released by the Ministry of Environment and Forests provides a holistic overview capturing comprehensively India's policies and programme related to desertification, land degradation & drought.

The studies of UNEP (United Nations Environmental Programme) indicated that, over the preceding 20 years, the problem of land degradation had continued to worsen due to human activities and climate change such as prolonged or frequent droughts aggravating land degradation.

Strategies Based on Natural Resource Management deals with experiences of improving livelihoods through investments in the natural resource base. This includes both watershed development initiatives as well as specialized NRM interventions for areas where watershed development may not be possible or even relevant.

In this report, IIASA

Bhuj: Semi-arid landscape around Bhuj and adjoining towns is well on its way to metamorphosing into a land with high-rises vying for space in the sky, five years down the line. Real estate developers aim to design the land on the lines of Sharjah, market sources said.

As the world gets warmer with climate change, the dryland tracts will become even drier making it more difficult for the farmers to grow crops in the region.

Improved varieties

The monsoons came late over the semi-arid regions of central India this year.

While several farming villages suffered from drought, Kothapally village in Ranga Reddy district of Andhra Pradesh had water in their wells for drinking and irrigating crops.
Empowering people

The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) and a consortium of partners including international, national, governmental and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) empowered the people of Kothapally to cope with drought for more than nine years through community watersheds.

Red gram or pigeon pea is an important pulse crop of India where it is grown on about 3.5 million hectares.

It is a favourite dhal (tuar or arhar) of Indian cuisine and is suitable for rain fed agriculture because it is drought tolerant, needs minimum inputs and produces reasonable yields .
Breakthrough

The present land tenure laws do not encourage the conservation of agricultural land and lead to fallow patches, as is evident from the condition of a typical watershed.

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