Extensive experimental research has been devoted to the study of behaviour related to public goods, common-pool resources and other social dilemmas. In a majority of these studies, it is found that subjects tend to cooperate if they are allowed to communicate and make their own rules of use. In the context of the Forest Rights Act, 2006, a number of questions are being raised at public forums. Are communities capable of managing a valuable resource like a forest? Will transfer of authority not result in large-scale deforestation?

This paper seeks to understand whether decentralized management of forests can reduce forest loss in developing

There has been much interest recently in promoting decentralization in the forestry sector in the belief that it would bring in downward accountability, which in turn would ensure economic efficiency, sustainability of the resource, and social and economic equity.

This report analyses the approach of 'enclosing forests' implemented under the Project in Rajasthan which aimed at protecting and regenerating forests and securing long-term access of and benefits to local communities.

This paper is based on three case studies, each belonging to one of the three types of institutional structures: self-initiated, NGO-promoted, and government sponsored JFM. The basic objectives of three instutitional structures have been strengthening ecological security and meeting the subsistence biomass needs of the local people.