Sanjay Chadha has, in his paper, brought out a unique approach to Public Private Partnerships in the Railways. The nuances of PPP have been examined and pitfalls highlighted. Another concept has also been introduced, giving RITES-SAIL joint effort at wagon manufacture as an innovative initiative.

Energy is a prime requirement for sustainable development and poverty reduction. The energy dimension of poverty is fundamental. Lack of energy/electricity perpetuates poverty as it precludes most industrial activities and the jobs they create.