The most important water resources are wetlands like lakes and reservoirs. Apart from being sources of water, lakes are highly productive ecosystems. Coastal lakes like Chilika lake and inland lake like Ansupa lake, Orissa are very important water resources. Ansupa lake is the largest very old fresh water lake of Orissa. Realizing the importance of conserving the lake the State Govt.

Closure of a power station is a rare event and more so when it is the Hirakud system, which was the back bone of Orissa power grid. The then OSEB authorities decided to take a "3 month" closure of Hirakud Power System to take up some critical unavoidable works before commissioning the 7th unit.

Government of Orissa was seeking financial aid for construction of new Minor Irrigation projects in Orissa. The Govt. of India arranged funds after consultation with European Commission for financial aid to Govt. of Orissa. The Appraisal Mission of European Commission visited Orissa Minor Irrigation projects during 1990-92.

To meet growing power transfer requirement from uneven distribution of energy resources, 1200 kV AC system is being planned to establish high capacity corridor. Reactive power management for 1200 kV AC system is an important aspect for which detailed analysis is required to identify suitable static and dynamic reactive compensation devices.

The International Geothermal Association (IGA) has reported that 10,715 MW of geothermal power in 24 countries is online, which is expected to generate 67,246 GWh of electricity in 2010. This represents a 20% increase in online capacity since 2005.

In deregulated power market, the market clearing price of electricity is the basic information for all market players. Therefore, the market players, i.e., the producers, the traders and the user agencies, need accurate price forecasting tools.

Since Independence, there has been substantial growth in the power sector. Generating capacity in India which was only about 1400 MW at the time of Independence has increased to about 1,59,399 MW as on 31.03.2010

The paper would attempt to highlight the benefits that would accrue to utility or integrated power system thorough analysis and case study of various trippings, performance of protection schemes during black outs, grid accidents etc.

India has been facing shortage of electricity for almost a decade. According to the Central Electricity Authority (CEA), during the financial year 2008-09, the Indian utilities could supply 689 billion kWh of electricity against requirement of 774 billion kWh, which represents shortfall of about 11.0%.

The electric utility business has historically consisted of centralized, large-scale power plants, supplying electric power to load centers such as cities and industries through a power transmission and distribution network.