Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of In re: News item published in the Telugu Newspaper named, Eenadu,Andhra Pradesh edition dated: 29th July, 2021, titled “illegal sand mining in Prakasham and Kadapa District, Andhra Pradesh”.

Report of Joint Committee in the matter of Original Application No. 243 of 2022 in compliance to the NGT order, April 1, 2022.

The matter related to illegal sand mining in Prakasham and Kadapa district, Andhra Pradesh.

Counter affidavit filed by the District Collector, YSR Kadapa district, Andhra Pradesh. M/ s Teja Cement Limited had applied for alienation of land of an extent of acres 92.88 cents for setting up of cement plant with a capacity of 2.50 million tons per annum, Niduzuvvi village, Yerraguntla mandal, YSR Kadapa district, Andhra Pradesh.

Order of the Madras High Court in the matter of Sukumar Vs District Collector, Cuddalore District & Others dated 10/02/2016 regarding sand quarrying of river Thenpennai, Kandarakottai Village, Cuddalore District, Tamil Nadu. The miners are drawing the sand from the entire river and selling the same and are transporting the sand through lorry and huge trucks.

Judgement of the National Green Tribunal (Southern Zonal Bench, Chennai) in the matter of S. Dhanapal & Others Vs Union of India & Others dated 20/11/2015 regarding Environmental Clearance (EC) dated 27-02-2014 granted for the proposal of quarrying of sand in 19.00.00 ha in River Vellar at S.F. No. 98(P) of Neivasal Village, Thittagudi Taluk, Cuddalore District, Tamil Nadu.

In the present study, efforts have been made to analyze selected physico-chemical characteristics of the water bodies of Uppanar estuary and Periyavaikkal region of Killai backwater area, Cuddalore District, Tamilnadu India. The comparative analytical study was conducted for one calendar year and water samplings were done on monthly basis. The parameters analyzed include rainfall, atmospheric temperature, water temperature, pH, salinity, turbidity, total dissolved solids, electrical conductivity, dissolved oxygen, biochemical oxygen demand and hardness.

Hydrogeochemical investigations were carried out in and around Tummalapalle uranium mining area in order to assess hydrogeochemistry and its evolution of hydrochemical facies. Forty groundwater samples were analyzed for various physicochemical parameters like pH, electrical conductivity (EC), Ca, Mg, Na, K, Cl, HCO3, CO3, SO4, and F. The saturation indexes (SI) of minerals were calculated by employing Visual MINTEQ software. From this it is confirmed that most of the water samples were saturated with respect to carbonate minerals and under saturated with respect to sulfate minerals.

Order of the National Green Tribunal (Principal Bench, New Delhi) in the matter of K. Selvarangam Vs. The District Collector, Thiruvallur dated 17/04/2014 regarding illegal quarrying of sand is going on at Puthu Eri, Nayapakkam village, Thiruvallur District, Tamil Nadu. The Tribunal has come down heavily on District Collector, Cuddalore stating that "we do not think that it was appropriate for the District Collector to write such letters repeatedly and in a way block the progress of the proceedings before the Tribunal."

CHENNAI: Tamil Nadu is facing a water deficit of 11%, says a report. This is bad news, coming as it does at the beginning of a torrid summer.

The history of communal forest management in south India shows its exclusive nature. The resistance to colonial forest policies forced the administration in the Madras Presidency to look for options to pacify public discontent. At the level of policy, it was the dominant agrarian communities that evolved an effective link with political parties and the native press, compelling the revenue department and the colonial state to recognise their claims.