The paper critically reviews the arguments for and against both employment guarantees and income guarantees when viewed as rights-based policy instruments for poverty reduction in a developing economy, with special reference to India.
The world’s largest works-based social protection scheme, the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) has covered all of India since 2006 and aims at enhancing livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year to every household whose adult members volunte
Social conditional transfers (CTs) and payments for ecosystem services (PES) have the same starting point: the assumption that direct, conditional incentives are the most effective way to change behaviour. However, contextual disadvantages affect the capacity for the very poor to comply.
Question raised in Lok Sabha on Poverty Eradication Programmes, 03/08/2017. Report on 5th Annual Employment–Unemployment Survey (2015-16), based on sample study of 88,783 rural households, reports that unemployment rate in rural sector was 5.1%.
Question raised in Rajya Sabha on Release of MGNREGA funds to drought hit states, 20/03/2017. The details of drought declared by various states is at Annexure. The Government approved the provision of additional employment of 50 days over and above 100 days per household under MGNREGA in the drought notified areas in FY 2015-16.
A goal of agricultural policy in India has been to reduce farmers’ dependence on informal credit. To that end, recent initiatives have been focused explicitly on rural areas and have had a positive impact on the flow of agricultural credit.