From the mid-2000s, a commodity boom underpinned a wave of land use investments in low- and middle-income countries.

Zambia, like most of the Least Developed Countries (LDCs), is facing a future where smallholder crop production will be threatened by climate change. In this southern African nation, where smallholder farming is the norm, the effects of climate change — erratic rainfall, shorter seasons and prolonged dry spells — are already being felt.

This paper examines how the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) helps households in South Sikkim, India, build resilience to winter drought. It is one in a series of briefings that analyse how the scheme builds the resilience of rural households in different states to different climate shocks.

This paper is one in a series of briefings that analyse how the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) builds rural households’ resilience to different climate shocks.

This paper is one in a series of briefings that analyse how the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) builds rural households’ resilience to different climate shocks. This paper examines how MGNREGS is helping households in West Singhbhum District, Jharkhand, India, build resilience to drought.

This paper is one in a series of briefings that analyse how the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) builds rural households’ resilience to different climate shocks. This paper examines how MGNREGS is helping households in Srikakulam District, Andhra Pradesh, India, build resilience to cyclones.

All developing countries must address climate vulnerability and identify the best ways to help their people adapt. Ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) is one increasingly popular and tested strategy.

Despite headway made in recent years, the decentralised renewable energy sector is still at an early stage and investing in this sector presents the significant challenge of matching the type and scale of finance offered by investors with the finance needs of small-scale energy access for unelectrified households.

Angola’s civil war caused a massive population movement from rural conflict areas to low-lying coastal zones between 1975 and 2002. More than half of Angola’s 27 million people now live in urban coastal settlements, floodplains and steep ravines vulnerable to climate extremes.

In recent years, the governments of the Sahel have committed to combat poverty and food insecurity through a significant increase in the development of irrigable areas.

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