The paper analyzes how patent-economic growth relationship changes as population dynamics change. The literature on this relationship has not focused on the role of population growth rate, despite data showing that countries’ population growth trends have recently shifted from positive to declining and even negative.

National energy balances are essential for estimating various socioeconomic and environmental development indicators, including carbon-dioxide emissions. The Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MOSPI) annually publishes India's energy balance.

Energy efficiency plays a central role in climate change mitigation policies, but their impact on economy-wide energy consumption is uncertain. Improved methods to measure energy efficiency savings are adopted mainly in countries with mandatory energy efficiency targets.

In an earlier paper (Dev and Sengupta, 2020) had discussed the potential and immediate impact of the shock of the Covid-19 pandemic on various segments of the Indian economy.

This paper analyses environmental regulation under corruption and explores the possibility to attain the first best – ‘no corruption and no pollution’, with a special focus on implications of non-monetary incentives for firms to adapt green technology.

This paper studies the impact of high global food prices on household welfare in India. Use the 2007-08 surge in global food prices and household share of area under rice and wheat at the baseline to show that food cultivating households gain from high prices. These welfare gains mainly accrue to net food producers.

There have been many successes and failures in economic and social development of India in the last 75 years. The recent covid-19 pandemic had also an adverse impact on growth, employment, health and education etc. In this paper, issues and policies are discussed beyond India@75 for achieving growth, inclusion and development.

This paper is a contribution to the empirical literature that seeks to understand the factors contributing to poverty reduction in developing countries. Studies have sought to explain changes in poverty between two points in time by decomposing aggregate change in poverty into component factors, viz.

Recent studies analyzing India’s decarbonisation efforts using external data do not confirm the achievements stated in India’s country reports submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Convention.

The study evaluates the role of R&D, human capital, and technology spillovers in influencing India’s long-run productivity growth.